Originally, Apple planned to use front facing cameras from Chinese manufacturers and Japan's Sharp. However, the site says there were quality problems from the Chinese camera manufacturers during tests.
Notably, the new front camera is significantly more expensive than previous one due to advanced features like autofocus.
The front camera is one-third of the unit price of the rear-facing camera. It had been regarded a low-cost part. The South Korean parts industry have mainly tried to enter the supply chain for iPhone's rear-facing camera. Circumstances have changed since the iPhone 14. The unit cost of parts has risen due to the advancement in functions, such as adding an autofocus (AF: autofocus) function to the front camera. According to the industry, the unit price of the iPhone 14 front camera has risen nearly three times compared to previous models.
It's now believed that LG Innotek and Sharp will share orders for the front facing camera. This is a win for LG especially considering they have internalized production of some key optical parts including Optical Image Stabilization (OIS) parts, camera PCBs, and actuators.
More details in the full report linked below...