July 20, 2024
How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

Posted May 27, 2023 at 3:33am by iClarified
These are instructions on how to fix the 'no matching host key type found' error message when trying to SSH on Mac.

When attempting to SSH into an older server using macOS, you may receive a ssh error message that reads something like:

Unable to negotiate with 123.123.123.123 port 22: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-rsa,ssh-dss


How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

For a successful connection, OpenSSH must have at least one mutually-supported choice for each parameter. If the client and server fail to agree on a mutual set of parameters then the connection will fail. In this case, the client and server were unable to agree on the host key algorithm type. The server offered ssh-rsa or ssh-dss which are supported by OpenSSH but no longer enabled by default due to security concerns.

The ssh-rsa signature scheme has been deprecated since OpenSSH 8.8 which was released on 2021-08-20.

In the SSH protocol, the "ssh-rsa" signature scheme uses the SHA-1 hash algorithm in conjunction with the RSA public key algorithm. It is now possible to perform chosen-prefix attacks against the SHA-1 algorithm for less than USD$50K.

If you have control of the server, you should upgrade your OpenSSH version; however, if you need immediate access to the server, there are a couple ways to resolve this...


EASIEST SOLUTION


Step One


Reattempt your SSH connection, adding the following to your command line:
-oHostKeyAlgorithms=+ssh-rsa

ie. ssh -oHostKeyAlgorithms=+ssh-rsa username@123.123.123.123

How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac


Alternatively, you can follow these steps to make the option permanent...


PERMANENT SOLUTION


Step One


Open a new Terminal window.
How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

Step Two


Type sudo nano ~/.ssh/config, then enter your administrative password if prompted.
How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

Step Three


Add the following lines to the config file, replacing 123.123.123.123 with the IP of the server you are connecting to.

Host 123.123.123.123
HostKeyAlgorithms +ssh-rsa

How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

Step Four


Press Control+X to exit. Input Y when asked to ask save modified buffer.
How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

Hit Return to confirm the file name to write.
How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac

Step Five


Now you can SSH into your server as normal.

ssh username@123.123.123.123

How to Fix 'No Matching Host Key Type Found' on Mac


IMPORTANT NOTES


If after fixing the 'no matching host key type found' error message, you get a 'no matching key exchange method' error, follow these steps:
How to Fix 'No Matching Key Exchange Method Found' on Mac
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Comments (1)
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jbroome
jbroome - October 31, 2022 at 3:10pm
I needed both of these to get in on my old OS host with key-only auth. HostKeyAlgorithms +ssh-rsa PubkeyAcceptedAlgorithms +ssh-rsa
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